discusses hyperparathyroidism, high calcium, and parathyroid surgery. is the world's leading authority on parathyroid glands and parathyroid disease.  Hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid mini-surgery, parathyroid tumors, parathyroid hormone problems, and high blood calcium are discussed.  Last updated: November 14, 2015 
hyperparathyroidism, high calcium, parathyroid, parathyroidism, parathyroid surgery, parathyroid tumor

Parathyroid Intro
Normal Function
Surgery Video
MIRP Mini Surgery
Parathyroid Pictures
Kidney Stones
Who Gets It?
Finding the Tumor
Teaching Videos
Do I Have Just One?
What Causes It?
Sestamibi Scan
Surgery Cure Rates
Frequent Questions
High Blood Calcium
Low Vitamin D
Normal Calcium Range
10 Parathyroid Rules
Symptom Cartoon
Parathyroid Cancer
Secondary Hyperpara
What Patients Say
Table of Contents
Patient Map
Dr. Norman
Become A Patient
About Us


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Hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid disease and parathyroid gland surgery, parathyroid surgery, parathyroid treatment.Parathyroid Gland IntroductionParathyroid glands control the amount of calcium in our blood and bones. About 1 in 100 people (1 in 50 women over 50) develop a parathyroid gland tumor during their lifetime causing parathyroid disease, called: "hyperparathyroidism". Hyperparathyroidism is a destructive disease that causes high blood calcium--which leads to serious health problems--even early death. It can be cured in most patients in less than 20 minutes with parathyroid tumor removal. Hyperparathyroidism is not just an abnormal lab value that can be monitored by your doctors. Bad things will always occur and thus the parathyroid tumor should be removed in virtually all cases. We've arranged our topics on separate pages. Normal parathyroid gland function is presented first. Hyperparathyroidism (parathyroid disease) is discussed next including high blood calcium, symptoms and complications of hyperparathyroidism including osteoporosis, chronic fatigue, kidney stones, stroke, high blood pressure and increased cancer risks (a partial list). The third section presents treatment of parathyroid tumors including the mini-parathyroid operation that everybody can have. This "band-aid" operation can change your life! If you are reading this site then you probably have a parathyroid tumor that needs to be removed.

Section 1:  Introduction to Parathyroid Glands

Parathyroid Gland Function.Introduction to Parathyroid Glands.  Learn what parathyroid glands are, where they are located in our necks, and what they do.

Parathyroid Gland Function.Normal Parathyroid Gland Function.  How parathyroid glands control the calcium in our blood, nervous system, and bones. If you have high calcium, you almost certainly have a parathyroid problem.

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Section 2:  Parathyroid Disease and Hyperparathyroidism

Parathyroid Animation is Award Winning... And COOL!Hyperparathyroidism is parathyroid disease: VIDEO.Hyperparathyroidism is the principle disease of parathyroid glands. Hyperparathyroidism occurs when one (or more) of the parathyroids develops a tumor which makes too much hormone leading to high calcium and other bad symptoms. This tumor must be removed. Watch the video of our surgeons performing the entire operation in less than 13 minutes. Watch our animation; this 5 minute video will give you a great head start on this website.

Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism.The Symptoms of parathyroid disease (hyperparathyroidism) leading to high blood calcium are listed here and discussed. Many of you will be amazed what this small hormone-tumor will do to you, it even increases your risk of stroke, heart disease, and cancer.

Diagnosing hyperparathyroidism.Diagnosing Hyperparathyroidism is easy but many doctors get confused. Blood calcium levels and parathyroid hormone levels will make the diagnosis. If you have high calcium, you almost certainly have a parathyroid tumor. If you have an iPad, Android, or smart phone, then get the CalciumPro app. It is much better at telling you if you have a parathyroid problem than your doctor is. Buy in Apple Store. Buy in Android Store

Parathyroid tumor photos, pictures. Pictures and Photos of Parathyroid Tumors. See photos of the tumors we removed from our patients during a two week time period. This will allow you to compare your calcium and PTH levels to others who have already had surgery... so you can see what may be in your neck. Very informative. This is a must read page.

Low Vitamin D and Parathyroid disease.Low Vitamin D Levels.  96% of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (a parathyroid tumor) have low vitamin D. This is the body protecting itself, but is commonly misunderstood by endocrinologists. If your doctor said you have low vitamin D which is causing your high calcium, read this page because that is impossible.

Diagnose hyperparathyroidism.Diagnosing Hyperparathyroidism--ADVANCED.Mini-parathyroid surgery is the best treatment option.This is our best page on how to diagnose parathyroid disease. Read this after you have read our first page on the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism. This is an important page you should take to your doctors.  Watch the operation movie before you read this page. 

parathyroid, hyperparathyroid, hyperparathyroidism, parathyroidism, high calcium, surgery, operation, surgeon. doctor.

Section 3:  Surgery for Parathyroid Tumors and Hyperparathyroidism:
Old 'Big' Parathyroid Surgery and New 'Mini' Parathyroid Surgery

mini-parathyroid surgery.The Standard Parathyroid Operation.  The treatment for parathyroid disease (hyperparathyroidism) is surgery to remove the parathyroid tumor. The 'standard' operation is still performed today like it was in 1925, but nobody should ever have this big operation.  If your surgeon doesn't perform at least two parathyroid operations per week, then go somewhere else.

Parathyroid Surgery: Small scar from mini-parathyroid surgery.Parathyroid Surgery: Mini-parathyroid operation.Minimally Invasive Parathyroid Surgery.  Mini-parathyroid surgery (MIRP) was invented in 1993. Virtually all parathyroid patients should have mini-surgery -- But you must find an experienced parathyroid surgeon. Do not let your doctor tell you that you can't get mini surgery because your scan is negative. Everybody can have mini surgery. Period. And all four glands should be analyzed. Be careful of surgeons who are going to check only one parathyroid gland.

Parathyroid surgery. Hyperparathyroidism mini surgery.The MIRP Procedure. The MIRP Mini-Parathyroid Operation cures over 99% of patients using only minimal anesthesia, typically takes less than 20 minutes and patients go home about one or two hours later through an incision that is only 1 inch. Click to see a movie of this operation. This is state of the art in parathyroid treatment with no blood and is very informative. The entire operation to examine all four parathyroid glands and remove two parathyroid tumors takes under 13 minutes. See here why you want all four parathyroid glands checked!

Video of Mini Parathyroid Surgery.Narrative that goes along with the 13 minute parathyroid operation video. This is a MUST READ SECTION.  This page describes all that is happening during the video of the mini-parathyroid operation. There is so much happening behind the scenes that allow this complex operation to be done so quickly that we made a page here so you can learn what is going on and why we do the things we do.

  1. We have a video of a mini-parathyroid operation that is extremely good, very educational, and is non-scripted--exactly how we do the operation. If you have a parathyroid problem you need to watch this video (13 minutes). Everybody loves this video--there is NO blood! | click here |

  2. We have an entire page of videos that you can learn from. Some of these are award winning, all of them short and to the point.  Learning By Videos Page

Becoming a patient of the Norman Parathyroid CenterBecome our Patient.  Instructions on how to become our patient like more than 3,200 patients do each year (about 65 parathyroid operations per week). View our MAP to see where our patients come from.

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Section 4:  More Important Information - and - Finding the Parathyroid Tumor

yperparathyroidism and parathyroid tumors according to AGE.Age Distribution of Parathyroid Disease.  Although parathyroid disease occurs most commonly in people over 50, young people get it too. This page shows who gets hyperparathyroidism and how common it is for all age groups.

Parathyroid tumors causes osteoporosis in all patients with hyperparathyroidism.Osteoporosis occurs because the parathyroid tumor takes calcium out of your bones. Remove the tumor and regain bone density and bone strength. This kind of osteoporosis is nearly 100% reversible.

Kidney stones caused by a parathyroid tumor.Kidney Stones occur very commonly in patients with hyperparathyroidism. Almost always it is a new onset of kidney stones, not somebody that has had kidney stones for many years.

Causes of Parathyroid Disease and Causes of Parathyroid Tumors.Causes of Parathyroid Tumors.  This page is advanced and discusses why and how the parathyroid glands develop into tumors. Don't start here, it will confuse you. Get the app--it will tell you what your problem is!

Surgery cure rates.Surgery Cure Rates. Must See Section of The cure rate following parathyroid surgery can be dramatically altered by the experience of the surgeon. Even the New York Times has written about this problem. Be careful about choosing your surgeon for your parathyroid operation.

Parathyroid glands and high blood calcium.Causes of High Blood Calcium.  It is never normal to have a high blood calcium. We discuss the different diseases that can cause your blood calcium to go high. Read this if your doctor told you that your high calcium might be caused by cancer - you do not have cancer - you have hyperparathyroidism.

Treating parathyroid disease with parathyroid surgery. Hyperparathyroidism is parathyroid disease.Finding the Bad Parathyroid Gland.  Parathyroid Glands are normally very small and can be very hard to find. Your surgeon's experience is the most important factor in finding the bad parathyroid gland--so please do NOT emphasize the scans discussed on these page. The biggest mistake EVERYBODY makes is that they worry about the parathyroid scan and believe the scan. Parathyroid scans are wrong more than they are right folks! It is not about the scan... it is about the skill and experience of your surgeon. Also discusses the danger of parathyroid needle biopsy.

Sestamibi Scans for parathyroid tumors.Sestamibi Scanning is a very poor way to determine which parathyroid gland has developed a tumor. This test is wrong more than it is right. The scan is very dependent upon experience of the people doing it. If your scan is negative (and most are), forget you ever had it. If it is positive, then it is wrong about 60% of the time. Remember, you don't care about the scan--you care about the skill and experience of your surgeon. Stop getting scans! We prefer negative scans--those are often the easiest operations.

Parathyroid anatomy and parathyroid tumors.Do I have Just One Bad Parathyroid Gland? is by far the most common question ever asked. About 70 percent of all patients have just one bad parathyroid gland (a single tumor) and three normal parathyroid glands. About 30% have two bad glands, which is why your surgeon should look at all four of them!

Parathyroid AnatomyParathyroid Anatomy is described on this page--if you understand parathyroid anatomy you will understand why parathyroid surgery requires a lot of experience. The more experience your surgeon has, the higher the chance of cure and the lower the chance of complications.

Parathyroid Surgery Mistakes. Failed parathyroid surgery.Needing a Second Operation -- About 20% of people need a second parathyroid operation because their surgeon with too little experience could not find the parathyroid tumor, or because their surgeon took out one parathyroid tumor and did not check the other three glands. This page is for those of you who have had an unsuccessful operation and now need a second (or third) operation to find that elusive parathyroid tumor. We perform between 2 and 4 re-operations every day. 16% of our business is re-operative surgery after a failed operation somewhere else. 

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Section 5:  Rare Parathyroid Problems
[Do NOT start here--these are rare problems]

Calcium-Pro app diagnoses hyperparathyroidism, high calcium, and low vitamin D. Get the app!Parathyroid CancerParathyroid Cancer is extremely RARE Do not start reading this web site here!  Less than 1 in 5000 of parathyroid tumors are cancers. A lot of people read this page, but really nobody should read it because parathyroid cancer is so rare... you don't have it! Go to a different page.

Cancer associated with hyperparathyroidism.Development of OTHER types of cancer due to Hyperparathyroidism. People who don't treat their hyperparathyroidism have a higher (sometimes dramatically higher) chance of developing Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and to a lesser extent, Colon and Kidney cancer. This is discussed at the bottom of our page of Symptoms. Parathyroid disease should not be "observed".

Parathyroid disease and parathyroid surgery. Hyperparathyroidism is parathyroid disease.Hyp0parathyroidism is an uncommon complication of parathyroid or thyroid surgery--when all the parathyroids have been removed. This is HypO = too little. This is almost always due to removal of all 4 parathyroid glands by a surgeon with little experience.

FHH is F.H.H.FHH.  FHH is a very rare genetic problem with high blood calcium and low urine calcium. If you have never heard of FHH, then do not read this page. This is for people who were told they have FHH because their 24-hour urine calcium is low--99.9% chance you do not have FHH.

Hypoparathyroidism.Surgeon-Induced HypOparathyroidism. The world's largest study of patients who were made hypoparathyroid by a surgeon who mistakenly removed all of their parathyroid glands.

Sensipar and cinicalcet for hyperparathyroidism.Treating Parathyroid Disease with Sensipar.  Sensipar (Cinacalcet) is a drug made for patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism due to kidney failure who are on dialysis. It does not work for primary hyperparathyroidism (what this entire web site is about), and often makes patients worse. Sensipar should NOT be used if your calcium is high.

Hyperparathyroidism in Pregnancy.Parathyroid disease during Pregnancy. Hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy is a rare problem, but it can be very serious for both mother and child. Also discussed in our blog.

Parathyroid Insurance linkLife insurance companies know that untreated hyperparathyroidism is associated with a decrease in life expectancy. Airplane pilots have their license suspended if they have high calcium. So why is your doctor "watching" your high calcium?

Parathyroid Music Video LinkMusic Video! Watch this amazing music video produced by one of our patients. FUN!

Parathyroid Blog LinkRead our Parathyroid Blog. There are lots of very good stories on the blog.

MEN syndromes with hyperparathyroidism.MEN Syndromes are a rare familial disorder where three endocrine glands develop tumors, including the parathyroid glands. This is also very rare... so don't waste too much time worrying about this.

Testamonials from thousands of parathyroid patients.Read the stories of over 1200 patients with hyperparathyroidism; what they have to say about their disease and how it affected their lives.


Treating parathyroid disease with parathyroid surgery. Hyperparathyroidism is parathyroid disease.Color our Cartoon.  One of our patients made a cartoon showing the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism. 

Treating parathyroid disease with parathyroid surgery. Hyperparathyroidism is parathyroid disease.See our Map of where our patients come from... you will find that we have operated on somebody that lives down the street from you. People love the map!

Treating parathyroid disease with parathyroid surgery. Hyperparathyroidism is parathyroid disease.Get the Calcium-Pro app that our experts developed. Monitor your calcium, PTH, vitamin D, and osteoporosis and diagnose hyperparathyroidism. Download for Apple iPhone/iPad, or Android phones/tablets. The app will help you know more than your doctors. Top 3 medical app for 2014! has been approved annually since 1996 by the Health on the Net Foundation.This site is accredited by the Health on the Net Foundation regulating accurate and authoritative healthcare websites. This site complies to the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify.

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[ Home ] Parathyroid Intro ] Normal Function ] Hyperparathyroidism ] Symptoms ] Surgery Video ] Diagnosis ] Treatment/Surgery ] Mini-Surgery ] MIRP Mini Surgery ] Parathyroid Pictures ] Osteoporosis ] Kidney Stones ] Who Gets It? ] Finding the Tumor ] Teaching Videos ] Do I Have Just One? ] What Causes It? ] Sestamibi Scan ] Surgery Cure Rates ] Frequent Questions ] High Blood Calcium ] Low Vitamin D ] Normal Calcium Range ] Diagnosis-ADVANCED ] 10 Parathyroid Rules ] Symptom Cartoon ] Sensipar ] Parathyroid Cancer ] Re-Operate ] FHH ] Secondary Hyperpara ] What Patients Say ] Table of Contents ] Patient Map ] Dr. Norman ] Become A Patient ] About Us ] is an educational service of the Norman Parathyroid Center, the world's leading parathyroid treatment center
performing over 3,200 parathyroid operations annually (average 67 per week). We are part of the national "High Blood Calcium is BAD" campaign.
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